MaFluidSimulation

Chair for Computer Aided Medical Procedures & Augmented Reality
Lehrstuhl für Informatikanwendungen in der Medizin & Augmented Reality

Fluid Simulation - Realistic simulation of cement flow

Thesis by: tba
Advisor: Prof. Dr. Nassir Navab
Supervision by: Patrick Wucherer, Philipp Stefan

Overview

Cement in osteoporotic vertebra http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0720048X10000276

Fluid Simulation: Water flowing through a heterogeneous porous material [Lenaerts2008]

Topic

The objective of this research work is the formulation of a computational model for realistic real-time simulation of the brittle, porous material of the bone and the interaction of bone cement and instruments with it. This is achieved using a GPU-accelerated mesh-free SPH approach based on the CT imaging data.

Contribution

The research goal contributes to the complete simulation of a minimally invasive surgery (MIS) called “kyphoplasty”. The procedure is conducted on patients with fractured vertebrae in order to set the spine into an upright position and stabilize the vertebrae. First a cavity with a balloon catheter in the vertebra is created. Afterwards the cavity is filled up with cement [Hillmeier2003].

What do we offer

  • Experience different fields of research in computer science: Visualization, Software Engineering, Real-time Simulation, GPU Programming
  • Your thesis and degree. (and also submission to prestigious conferences/journals depending on student performance)
  • We offer an intensive supervision, but initiative is very welcome. Working environment will be provided at the NARVIS lab.

Requirements

  • Interest in fluid mechanics
  • Knowledge of a programming environment (for example Matlab or Python or C++) is required
  • Not mandatory: Arduino programming experience

Literature

  • A Particle-Based Model for Prediction of Cement Diffusion during Osteoporotic Hip Augmentation Surgery: Theory and Validation, Proceedings ASME International Mechanical Engineering Conference Exposition, Nov, Basafa, E. and Otake, Y. and Kutzer, M. D. and Armiger, R. S. and Armand, M., 2010, pp. 12–18
  • Z. Lian, C. Chui, und S. Teoh, „A biomechanical model for real-time simulation of PMMA injection with haptics“, Computers in Biology and Medicine, Feb. 2008.
  • C.-K. Chui, J. S. K. Ong, Z.-Y. Lian, Z. Wang, J. Teo, J. Zhang, C.-H. Yan, S.-H. Ong, S.-C. Wang, H.-K. Wong, C.-L. Teo, und S.-H. Teoh, „Haptics in computer-mediated simulation: Training in vertebroplasty surgery“, Simulation & Gaming, Bd. 37, Nr. 4, S. 438–451, Dez. 2006.
  • A. Hérault, G. Bilotta, A. Vicari, E. Rustico, and C. D. Negro, “Numerical simulation of lava flow using a GPU SPH model”, Ann. Geophys., vol. 54, no. 5, Dec. 2011. „Computer simulation of polymethylmethacrylate bone cement flow“, ANZIAM, Nr. J.47, S. C404–C418, 2006.
  • [Lenaerts2008] T. Lenaerts, B. Adams, und P. Dutré, „Porous flow in particle-based fluid simulations“, in ACM SIGGRAPH 2008 papers on - SIGGRAPH ’08, Los Angeles, California, 2008, S. 1.
  • [Hillmeier2003] J. Hillmeier, P. Meeder, G. Nöldge, und C. Kasperk, „Minimal invasive Reposition und innere Stabilisierung osteoporotischer Wirbelkörperfrakturen (Ballonikyphoplastie)“, Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie, Bd. 15, Nr. 4, S. 343–362, 2003.

Contact


ProjectForm
Title: Fluid Simulation - Realistic simulation of cement flow
Abstract: The objective of this research work is the formulation of a computational model for realistic real-time simulation of the brittle, porous material of the bone and the interaction of bone cement and instruments with it. This is achieved using a GPU-accelerated mesh-free SPH approach based on the CT imaging data. The research goal contributes to the complete simulation of a minimally invasive surgery (MIS) called “kyphoplasty”. The procedure is conducted on patients with fractured vertebrae in order to set the spine into an upright position and stabilize the vertebrae. First a cavity with a balloon catheter in the vertebra is created. Afterwards the cavity is filled up with cement.
Student:  
Director: Prof. Dr. Nassir Navab
Supervisor: Patrick Wucherer, Philipp Stefan
Type: DA/MA/BA
Area: Registration / Visualization, Medical Augmented Reality
Status: draft
Start:  
Finish:  
Thesis (optional):  
Picture:  


Edit | Attach | Refresh | Diffs | More | Revision r1.11 - 07 Dec 2012 - 15:54 - PatrickWucherer