Chair for Computer Aided Medical Procedures & Augmented Reality
Lehrstuhl für Informatikanwendungen in der Medizin & Augmented Reality

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Einführung in die Erweiterte Realität

(Introduction to Augmented Reality)

Prof. Gudrun Klinker, Ph.D.


Augmented Reality (AR) allows users to view computer information that is graphically embedded within the real three-dimensional world. Using a semi-transparent head-mounted display (HMD) attached to a wearable computer, a user can inspect and manipulat e objects while viewing information about these objects in the HMD. This information is typically displayed as virtual objects in the real world, thus augmenting the perception of the user. The wearable computer enables users to carry their work as they normally do, without imposing constraints on their mobility or their hand. AR applications span from medical minimally invasive surgery to manufacturing, from machine inspection and repair to games and tourist guides.

This class presents the technical foundations of Augmented Reality - as used in current international research and applications.

  • The class will be conducted in English


  • Diplom-Studiengang: Haupstudium
  • Bachelor/Master-Studiengang

  • 2 SWS Vorlesung im Bereich Informatik I (Praktische Informatik)


  • Dienstag, 19. Oktober 19, 9:00 (s.t.)

Wöchentliche Termine


  • Studierende im Hauptstudium der Informatik
  • Bachelorstudierende der Informatik


  • Grundstudium Informatik


  • Mündliche Prüfung in der letzten Semesterwoche, bzw. am Anfang der Semesterferien



Date Time Student
Friday, Feb. 18 9:00 Julius Bahr
9:30 Marius Böttner
10:00 Nicola Diesch
10:30 John Mc Connell
11:00 William Burhenn
11:30 Troels Frimor
Tuesday, Mar. 1 9:00 Jennifer Schiller
9:30 Safak Ökmen
10:00 Andreas Clara
10:30 Michele Brocco
11:00 Christoph Ainhauser
11:30 Oliver Arafat



Date Subject links to slides
19.10.2004 1. Introduction L1-Oct19-04-Intro.pdf
26.10.2004 2. Coordinate Systems, Projective Geometry (2D) L2-Oct26-04-Coordsys.pdf
02.11.2004 ISMAR Conference - no class  
09.11.2004 3. Rendering: Open GL, Occlusions betweeen Virtual and Real Objects L3-Nov9-04-OGL-Occ.pdf
16.11.2004 3. Rendering (cont.): Occlusions between Virtual and Real Objects - also: FVV
23.11.2004 4. APIs (Open Inventor, VRML, X3D, Java3D) L4-Nov23-04-APIs-3D.pdf
30.11.2004 5. Displays L5-Nov30-04-HMDs.pdf
07.12.2004 6. Tracking Devices L6-Dec07-04-Trackers.pdf
14.12.2004 7. Camera Calibration (Tsai) L7-Dec14-04-CamCalib.pdf
21.12.2004 8. Basics of Computer Vision L8-Dec21-04-basicCV.pdf
28.12.2004 winter holidays - no class  
04.01.2005 winter holidays - no class  
11.01.2005 9. Mixed Reality, Information Presentation L9-Jan11-05-MR-Stars.pdf
18.01.2005 10. System Architectures for Augmented Reality L10-Jan18-05-SysArchs.pdf
25.01.2005 11. Context Toolkit L11-Jan25-05-ContextTK.pdf
01.02.2005 12. Presentations by ChristianSandor Introduction, UI History, Christian's Dissertation
08.02.2005 13. Intelligent Environments and Ubiquitous Computing, Discussion  

Literature (suggestions for further reading)

  • Computer graphics, coordinate systems:
    • J.D. Foley, A. Van Dam, S.K. Feiner, and J.F. Hughes.
      Computer Graphics, Principles and Practice,
      2. Edition. Addison Wesley, 1989.
    • A. Zisserman and R. Hartley
      Multiple View Geometry in Computer Vision
      Cambridge University Press, 2000
  • VRML:
    • Andrea L. Ames, David R. Nadeau and John L. Moreland.VRML 2.0 Source Book,
      2nd Edition, Wiley & Sons, 1996. ISBN 0-471-16507-7.
  • OpenGL:
    • J. Neider et al.
      Open GL Programming Guide,
      Addison Wesley, 1993, ISBN 0-201-63274-8.
  • Mixed Reality:
    • P. Milgram and H. Colquhoun Jr.
      "A Taxonomy of Real and Virtual World Display Integration",
      Proc. 1st International Symposium on Mixed Reality (ISMR),
      Yokohama, Japan, March 1999, in book Y. Ohta, H. Tamura (eds.),
      Mixed Reality - Merging Real and Virtual Worlds, Springer Verlag 1999, pp. 5-30.
  • Information Presentation:
    • G. Klinker, O. Creighton, A.H. Dutoit, R. Kobylinski, C. Vilsmeier, B. Bruegge.
      "Augmented Maintenance of Powerplants: A Prototyping Case Study of a Mobile AR System".
      Proc. International Symposium on Augmented Reality (ISAR'01), New York, 2001.
  • Displays
    • J. Rolland and H. Fuchs.
      "Optical versus Video See-Through Head-Mounted Displays",
      Fundamentals of Wearable Computers and Augmented Reality
      (eds. W. Barfield and T. Caudell), chapter 4.
      Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2001. ISBN 0-8058-2902-4.
  • Multi-modal Tracking, Sensor Fusion:
    • J. Rolland, L.D. Davis and Y. Baillot.
      "A Survey of Trackng Technology for Virtual Environments",
      Fundamentals of Wearable Computers and Augmented Reality
      (eds. W. Barfield and T. Caudell), chapter 3.
      Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2001. ISBN 0-8058-2902-4
  • Optical Tracking, Calibration (Computer Vision):
    • R. Jain, R. Kasturi, and B. Schunk.
      Machine Vision,
      McGraw Hill, 1995, ISBN 0-07-032018-7.
    • R. Y. Tsai.
      A Versatile Camera Calibration Technique for High Accuracy 3D Machine Vision.
      IBM Technical Report 1985.
  • Software Engineering, Wearable Systems
    • M. Bauer, B. Bruegge, G. Klinker, A. Mac Williams, T. Reicher, S. Riss, C. Sandor, and M. Wagner.
      "Design of a Component-Based Augmented Reality Framework".
      Proc. International Symposium on Augmented Reality (ISAR'01), New York, 2001.
    • B. Bruegge and A. Dutoit.
      Software Engineering.

-- Main.Main.ChristianSandor - 09 Feb 2005

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