ProjectMultiOrganSegmentation

Chair for Computer Aided Medical Procedures & Augmented Reality
Lehrstuhl für Informatikanwendungen in der Medizin & Augmented Reality

Multi-Organ Segmentation without registration

Scientific Director: Vasileios Zografos, Bjoern Menze

Contact Person(s): Vasileios Zografos

Keywords: IBBM: image data processing

Abstract

This project is concerned with the automatic segmentation of multiple organs in 3D medical images. Initially, we have investigated abdominal CT images but our scope will grow to full-body scans, multiple modalities and other structures (such as bones, muscles etc). Because we are not using expensive registration methods our approach is well suited to very large clinical studies with thousands of medical volumes.

Detailed Project Description

Most existing work in multi-organ segmentation is based on registration approaches. However, such approaches are slow , inaccurate when faced with large inter-subject variabilities and require all the data to be available during segmentation time.
We propose a framework for multi-organ segmentation which leverages several ideas from computer vision and machine learning and does not require any registration during training or during segmentation time.


-- We first generate supervoxels from each CT image at multiple levels of detail.
-- We the extract a set of complimentary appearance and context features from the supervoxels.
-- We then train a discriminative model at each level (Gradient Boosted Tree)
-- The disriminative models are linked together in a hierarchical auto-context fashion.
-- Finally, the output is fused using a hierarchical CRF


Our method is fast , accurate and because training is done offline and decoupled from the segmentation stage, we can increase accuracy by training with more data but wihout incurring any additional segmentation cost. In addition, we do not require the trained data (atlases) to be available during segmentation time. All we need to store is a small set of trained classifiers with a minimal memory footprint and without data storage and privacy issues. This makes our method efficient , portable and very practical.

Pictures

Figure 1: Overview of our registration-free segmentation approach. The main components include: multiple-levels of supervoxels, extraction of volumetric shape and texture features, hierarchical auto-context and finally label fusion by a hierarchical conditional random field.
Figure 2: Illustration of the gains in segmentation accuracy by leveraging additional information from the data.
Figure 3: Overal segmentation results (Jaccard indices) for the different organs using our method
Figure 4: A typical segmentation output. Overlaid are the ground truth manual segmentations.

Team

Contact Person(s)

Location



Technische Universität München
Institut für Informatik / I16
Boltzmannstr. 3
85748 Garching bei München

Tel.: +49 89 289-17058
Fax: +49 89 289-17059
Visit our lab at Garching.



internal project page

Please contact Vasileios Zografos for available student projects within this research project.

Edit | Attach | Refresh | Diffs | More | Revision r1.2 - 30 Mar 2015 - 10:50 - VasileiosZografos

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