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Chair for Computer Aided Medical Procedures & Augmented Reality
Lehrstuhl für Informatikanwendungen in der Medizin & Augmented Reality

H. Burwinkel, A. Kazi, G. Vivar, S. Albarqouni, G. Zahnd, N. Navab, A. Ahmadi
Adaptive image-feature learning for disease classification using inductive graph networks
International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Interventions (MICCAI), Shenzhen, China, 2019 (pre-print version is available online at arXiv) (bib)

Recently, Geometric Deep Learning (GDL) has been introduced as a novel and versatile framework for computer-aided disease classification. GDL uses patient meta-information such as age and gender to model patient cohort relations in a graph structure. Concepts from graph signal processing are leveraged to learn the optimal mapping of multi-modal features, e.g. from images to disease classes. Related studies so far have considered image features that are extracted in a pre-processing step. We hypothesize that such an approach prevents the network from optimizing feature representations towards achieving the best performance in the graph network. We propose a new network architecture that exploits an inductive end-to-end learning approach for disease classification, where filters from both the CNN and the graph are trained jointly. We validate this architecture against state-of-the-art inductive graph networks and demonstrate significantly improved classification scores on a modified MNIST toy dataset, as well as comparable classification results with higher stability on a chest X-ray image dataset. Additionally, we explain how the structural information of the graph affects both the image filters and the feature learning.
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