PublicationDetail

Chair for Computer Aided Medical Procedures & Augmented Reality
Lehrstuhl für Informatikanwendungen in der Medizin & Augmented Reality

D. Loeffelbein, M. Souvatzoglou, V. Wankerl, A. Martinez-Möller, J. Dinges, M. Schwaiger, A. Beer
PET-MRI Fusion in Head-and-Neck Oncology: Current Status and Implications for Hybrid PET/MRI
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 2012;70(2):473-483 (bib)

Purpose
To review the current status and clinical effect of PET-MRI image fusion in the staging of head-and-neck cancer and to show its implications for imaging with future hybrid PET/MRI scanners. Materials and Methods: We reviewed the current literature in order to provide an overview of the potential of the combination of the anatomic and functional imaging capabilities of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and of the potential for molecular and metabolic imaging with Positron emission tomography (PET). The research question was whether these image devices might be of synergistic value. Results: PET with [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose has shown promising results for the assessment of lymph node involvement in cancer, the identification of distant metastasis and synchronous and metachronous tumors, and the evaluation of tumor recurrence or carcinoma of an unknown primary. For morphologic imaging, MRI has several advantages compared with computed tomography in the head-and-neck area. This is mainly because of the superior soft tissue contrast and fewer artifacts from dental implants. Moreover, MRI allows functional imaging, such as the assessment of perfusion with dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI. The published data indicate that image fusion should be beneficial in the case of the recurrence of oromaxillofacial cancer and in the evaluation of potential metastatic lymph nodes. However, retrospective image fusion is technically demanding in the head-and-neck area, mainly because of the varied patient positions used for the various scanners and the anatomic complexity of this region. Conclusions: Combined PET/MRI scanners might overcome the above-named problems. Both sequential and fully integrated PET/MRI scanners are now available in selected departments, and future studies will show whether hybrid PET/MRI is of greater clinical value than PET/CT and retrospective image fusion techniques.
This material is presented to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each authors copyright. In most cases, these works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder.



Edit | Attach | Refresh | Diffs | More | Revision r1.13 - 30 Jan 2019 - 15:16 - LeslieCasas

Lehrstuhl für Computer Aided Medical Procedures & Augmented Reality    rss.gif