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Chair for Computer Aided Medical Procedures & Augmented Reality
Lehrstuhl für Informatikanwendungen in der Medizin & Augmented Reality

S. Qorchi, G. Zahnd, D. Galbrun, A. Sérusclat, P. Moulin, D. Vray, M. Orkisz
Kalman-based carotid-artery longitudinal-kinetics estimation and pattern recognition
Innovation and Research in Biomedical Engineering (bib)

Objectives. The context of the study is early detection of atherosclerosis. The specific aim of the article is to estimate the longitudinal displacements of the carotid artery wall and assess the discriminative power of the estimated motion patterns to distinguish at-risk individuals from healthy subjects. Methods. Motion estimation builds on block matching with a Kalman filter updating the reference-block gray levels, and incorporates a Kalman filter controlling the trajectory via a model using cosine decomposition. The estimated motion patterns were normalized and provided as input features to a machine-learning-based classifier that automatically assigned healthy or at-risk labels. Results. Evaluated on 113 subjects, the method successfully estimated all but one trajectory, and classification achieved 70% sensitivity and 72% specificity. Conclusions. The proposed method is well suited to estimate 2D (longitudinal and radial) quasi-periodic displacements of the arterial wall in ultrasound image sequences. The estimated motion patterns can contribute to discriminate at-risk from healthy subjects.
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