Chair for Computer Aided Medical Procedures & Augmented Reality
Lehrstuhl für Informatikanwendungen in der Medizin & Augmented Reality

J. Vogel, A. Duliu, Y. Oyamada, J. Gardiazabal, T. Lasser, M. Ziai, R. Hein, N. Navab
Towards Robust Identification and Tracking of Nevi in Sparse Photographic Time Series
Proceedings of SPIE (2014) (bib)

In dermatology, photographic imagery is acquired in large volumes in order to monitor the progress of diseases, especially melanocytic skin cancers. For this purpose, overview (macro) images are taken of the region of interest and used as a reference map to re-localize highly magnified images of individual lesions. The latter are then used for diagnosis. These pictures are acquired at irregular intervals under only partially constrained circumstances, where patient positions as well as camera positions are not reliable. In the presence of a large number of nevi, correct identification of the same nevus in a series of such images is thus a time consuming task with ample chances for error. This paper introduces a method for largely automatic and simultaneous identification of nevi in different images, thus allowing the tracking of a single nevus over time, as well as pattern evaluation. The method uses a rotation-invariant feature descriptor that uses the local neighborhood of a nevus to describe it. The texture, size and shape of the nevus are not used to describe it, as these can change over time, especially in the case of a malignancy. We then use the Random Walks framework to compute the correspondences based on the probabilities derived from comparing the feature vectors. Evaluation is performed on synthetic and patient data at the university clinic.
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