Chair for Computer Aided Medical Procedures & Augmented Reality
Lehrstuhl für Informatikanwendungen in der Medizin & Augmented Reality

D. Zikic, M. Groher, A. Khamene, N. Navab
Deformable Registration of 3D Vessel Structures to a Single Projection Image.
SPIE Medical Imaging, San Diego, California, USA, 16-21 February 2008 (bib)

Alignment of angiographic preoperative 3D scans to intraoperative 2D projections is an important issue for 3D depth perception and navigation during interventions. Currently, in a setting where only one 2D projection is available, methods employing a rigid transformation model present the state of the art for this problem. In this work, we introduce a method capable of deformably registering 3D vessel structures to a respective single projection of the scene. Our approach addresses the inherent ill-posedness of the problem by incorporating a priori knowledge about the vessel structures into the formulation. We minimize the distance between the 2D points and corresponding projected 3D points together with regularization terms encoding the properties of length preservation of vessel structures and smoothness of deformation. Thus, our method enables meaningful 3D deformations of 3D vessel structures based on a single 2D projection of the same structure. To the best of our knowledge this is the first time that this problem is addressed in the field of medical image processing. We demonstrate the performance and accuracy of the proposed method by quantitative tests on synthetic examples as well as real angiographic scenes.
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