Chair for Computer Aided Medical Procedures & Augmented Reality
Lehrstuhl für Informatikanwendungen in der Medizin & Augmented Reality

Interventional Imaging and Image Processing (IN2273)

The participants will learn the basics of interventional imaging and image processing. The focus of the lecture will be on interventional x-ray imaging technology. The lecture will cover both topics of 2D as well as 3D imaging. We will particularly focus on recent research topics such as cardiac and perfusion imaging in the interventional suite.

Administrative information

Lecturer: Dr. Stefanie Demirci, PD Dr. Markus Kowarschik
Tutor: Peter Maday

Module IN2273: 2 SWS, 3 ECTS

This lecture will be in English

Time & Location


Thursdays 9:15 - 10:45 am
Thursdays 8:30 - 11:00 am

Room MI 01.06.020

First lecture: 15/10/2015

Exam: Feb 4, 2016
Repeat Exam: none


  • Clinical motivation (interventional radiology, neuroradiology, and cardiology)
  • Interventional imaging modalities
  • Basics of x-ray imaging
  • Angiographic imaging in 2D
  • Angiographic imaging in 3D: CT basics, CT reconstruction
  • Current topics (cardiac imaging, perfusion imaging, metal artifact reduction, etc.)


  • Class on Jan 21, 2016 is canceled !

  • Class on Jan 14, 2016 is canceled !
  • New time in December (Thursdays 8:30 - 11am)
  • New time in November (Thursdays 8:30 am - 10.00 am and 10.30 am - 12.00 noon)


The exam will be conducted in form of Elevator Pitches (2 minutes) with subsequent discussion round. It is possible to team up, but topics have to be shared such that each team member is able to give an own elevator pitch that is substantially different from the others. Each team member will also be examined on his/her own.

Each student is asked to choose a random topic in the context of interventional imaging and image processing. It is expected that chosen topics advance the course level, e.g.

  • a novel imaging modality that could have potential impact on image guidance for surgery and/or interventions
  • a new aspect on conventional imaging modalities with large potential for interventional guidance or visualization
  • cutting-edge research results in computer aided interventions (CAI) building up on the fundamentals given in the IIIP course

In contrast to scientific presentations, elevator pitches aim at presenting the core idea in a minimum amount of time without or with minimum support of digital media. The effect of such elevator pitches is usually measured upon whether the presenter has gained enough interest among the audience. In order to achieve this goal, you are free to use any sort of additional material (e.g. drawings or pins on white board, very simple mockups/prototypes, interaction with audience). Although the use of digital media is not recommended, you are of course free to show videos and images. But please keep in mind that the effect of these may be limited.

In case a student is not able to find a suitable topic, we will assign a topic to her/him (potentially also assigning another team). You are also welcome to contact the course instructors at any time (via email) to discuss your topic selection with them. Please understand that due to our other duties we may offer you remote chats (e.g. Skype, Google Hangout).

Deadlines listed below are hard. If you miss a deadline without notice, you fail the course.

Deadline Topic Action
14.1.2016 Topics Overview Send selected topic to stefanie.demirci@tum.de
27.1.2016 Pitch Plan Send a detailed pitch plan (including timing and specification of additional material) to stefanie.demirci@tum.de
04.2.2016 Elevator Pitches

Order Student Topic
1 Ahmad, Tamoor 3D Ultrasound Guided Biopsy
2 Anton, Mario Reduction of Image Artefacts
3 Balakrishnan, Sathish Does interventional imaging improve patient specific bone health ?
4 Estrada, Edgar Santiago Cardiac C-arm CT
5 Fokuhl, Julia Robotic-assistance for coronary interventions (CorPath? Robotic PCI)
6 Hamad, Mahdi MRI-US Fusion Targeted Biopsies
7 Jimenez Sanchez, Amelia Breast Examination in Ultrasound Images
8 Kalim, Faisal Interventional Cardiac Magnetic Resonance
9 Kewlani, Laveena Intracardiac Echocardiography (ICE) During Interventional & Electrophysiological Cardiac Catheterization
10 Khrutska, Olga Image guidance in the field of radio frequency ablation
11 Luque González, Antonio Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) Angiography
12 Matl, Stefan Flow Diverters
13 Navarro Avila, José Wearable Computer technology (google glass) in the operating room
14 Nieminen, Tuomas Sensor-attached Stents
15 Nikolaev, Vitaly Evaluation of a simulator for endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS)
16 Page Vizcaino, Josue Optoacustic (Photoacustic) Tomography
17 Papathanasis, Charalampos Intravascular Ultrasound technique (IVUS)
18 Paschali, Magdalini Doppler Ultrasound: Principles and Interventional Application
19 Pilehvar, Shabnam Doppler Ultrasound in Gynaecology
20 Ramadani, Ardit Robotic Snake Endoscopy for NOTES
21 Saint-Hill Febles, Yadira freehandSPECT
22 Saleh, Mahdi Cooperative Robotic Gamma Imaging
23 Sarasúa Canedo Arguelles, Ignacio Tracking of medical instruments in endoscopic images
24 Stelzl, Nina 3D reconstruction of endoscopic images
25 Tucker, Emerson Cardiac Flow Quantification with C-arms
26 Waldmannstetter, Diana Near infrared fluorescence for image-guided cancer surgery
27 Zakharov, Sergey CFD analysis of hemodynamics for diagnosis and treatment prediction

Course Schedule

Date Topic Lecturer Material
15.10.2015 Introduction to Interventional Imaging and Image Processing Stefanie Demirci Slides
22.10.2015 Interventional Imaging Modalities Stefanie Demirci Slides
29.10.2015 Image Enhancement for X-ray Imaging Stefanie Demirci Slides
05.11.2015 8:30 - 10:00 and 10:30 - 12:00 MI 00.12.019 Tomographic Reconstruction - Part 1 Markus Kowarschik Slides_Part1
12.11.2015 canceled    
19.11.2015 canceled    
26.11.2015 8:30 - 10:00 and 10:30 - 12:00 Tomographic Reconstruction - Part 2 Markus Kowarschik Slides_Part2
10.12.2015 Image Registration & Visualization Stefanie Demirci Slides
17.12.2015 8:30 - 11:00 am Navigation Concepts Stefanie Demirci Slides
07.01.2016 8:30 - 11:00 am Tomographic Reconstruction - Part 3 Markus Kowarschik Exam info
14.01.2016 canceled    
21.01.2016 canceled    
28.01.2016 8:30 - 11:00 am Elevator Pitch Preparation Stefanie Demirci, Markus Kowarschik  
04.02.2016 8:30 - 11:00 am Elevator Pitches & Oral Examination    

List of references

Clinical overview papers

Imaging technology and image processing in general

  • A. Oppelt (Ed.), Imaging Systems for Medical Diagnostics, Publicis Corporate Publishing
  • H. Aichinger et al. (Ed.), Radiation Exposure and Image Quality in X-ray Diagnostic Radiology, Springer
  • T. Deserno (Ed.), Biomedical Image Processing, Springer

Vessel Filtering & Segmentation

  • A. Frangi et al.: Multiscale vessel enhancement filtering. Proc. MICCAI’98. Springer, pp. 130-137
  • D. Lesage et al.: A review of 3D vessel lumen segmentation techniques: Models, features, and extraction schemes. Medical Image Analysis 13 (2009), pp. 819-845
  • A. Frangi et al.: Model-based quantitation of 3-D magnetic resonance angiographic images. IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging 18.10 (1999), pp. 946-956
  • H. Li et al.: Vessels as 4-d curves: Global minimal 4-d paths to extract 3-d tubular surfaces and centerlines. IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging 26.9 (2007), pp. 1213-1223

Interventional Image Registration

  • G. Penney et al.: A comparison of similarity measures for use in 2-D-3-D medical image registration. IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging 17.4 (1998), pp. 586-595
  • S. Demirci et al.: Disocclusion-based 2D-3D registration for aortic interventions. Computers in Biology and Medicine 43.4 (2013), pp. 312-322
  • I. Reinertsen et al.: Validation of vessel-based registration for correction of brain shift. Medical Image Analysis 11.4 (2007), pp. 374-388
  • M. Groher et al.: Deformable 2D-3D registration of vascular structures in a one view scenario. IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging 28.6 (2009), pp. 847-860
  • K. Rohr et al.: Landmark-based elastic registration using approximating thin-plate splines. IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging 20.6 (2001), pp. 526-534

Image Visualization

  • K. Engel et al.: Real-Time Volume Graphics, Taylor & Francis Ltd.

Image-guided Interventions

  • T. Peters, K. Cleary (Eds.), Image-guided Interventions, Springer
  • S. Demirci et al.: 3D Stent Recovery from One X-ray Projection, Proc. MICCAI, 2011
  • D. Volpi et al.: Online Tracking of Interventional Devices for Endovascular Aortic Repair, International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery 10(6): 773-781, 2015
  • F. Milletari et al.: Fully automatic catheter localization in C-arm images using l1- Sparse Coding, Proc. MICCAI, 2014

Tomographic image reconstruction

Geometry calibration of C-arm scanners

  • R. Hartley, A Zisserman: Multiple View Geometry in Computer Vision, Cambridge University Press

Interesting web links

Title: Interventional Imaging and Image Processing
Professor: Dr. Stefanie Demirci, Dr. Markus Kowarschik
Tutors: Peter Maday
Type: Lecture
Information: 2 SWS, 3 ECTS Credits (Module IN2273)
Term: 2015WiSe

Edit | Attach | Refresh | Diffs | More | Revision r1.28 - 31 May 2016 - 12:14 - StefanieDemirci

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