Chair for Computer Aided Medical Procedures & Augmented Reality
Lehrstuhl für Informatikanwendungen in der Medizin & Augmented Reality

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N. Navab, B. Bascle, M. Loser, B. Geiger, R. Taylor
Visual servoing for Automatic and uncalibrated needle placement for percutaneous procedures
Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision & Pattern Recognition (CVPR), June 2000 (bib)

This paper presents a new approach to image-based guidance of a needle or surgical tool during percutaneous procedures. The method is based on visual servoing. It requires no prior calibration or registration. The technique provides highly precise 3D-alignment of the tool with respect to an anatomic target. By taking advantage of projective geometry and projective invariants, this can be achieved in a fixed number (12) of iterations. In addition the approach estimates the required insertion depth. Experiments include automatic 3D alignment and insertion of a needle held by a medical robot into a pig kidney under X-ray fluoroscopy.
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