Chair for Computer Aided Medical Procedures & Augmented Reality
Lehrstuhl für Informatikanwendungen in der Medizin & Augmented Reality

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I. Einspieler, A. Okur, A.R. Novotny, M. E. Martignoni, K. Scheidhauer
Case Report - Image-guided Resection of Paraganglioma
32nd Congress of the European Society of Surgical Oncology, Valencia, Spain, September 2012 (bib)

Intraoperative localization of small focal uptakes as visualized in preoperative SPECT or PET imaging can be very difficult and time-consuming. Intraoperative imaging modalities like freehand SPECT may help to guide resection during surgery.

Material and methods:
32 year old male patient with suspicion of recurrent paraganglioma showed 2 focal uptakes of I123 MIBG (173 MBq) next to left renal vein in a diagnostic scan (planar images and abdominal SPECT/CT) confirming the indication for open resection. 2 days before surgery a dose of I123 MIBG (105 MBq) was applied. Freehand SPECT images were acquired during the operation using declipseSPECT (SurgicEye?). The freehand SPECT system combines a gamma probe with an infrared optical spatial localization system using infrared referencing markers attached to the probe and the patient. A data processing unit generates a real time 3D image in the operating room based on the readings of the probe and its position. The region of interest (area of the expected paragangliomas) was scanned moving the gamma probe in different angles and directions. Then the freehand SPECT image was generated and image visualization parameters were set to visualize hottest uptake.

At the operating room and using the freehand SPECT system (61s scan), one lesion (max. 17 mm) was found. The other lesion (max. 11 mm) was also visualized, but could only be tracked with the gamma probe due to strong breathing motion. Both lesions were successfully resected, confirmed to be radioactive and identified as paragangliomas by histology. The freehand SPECT system was of additional value in planning the operative access to the region of interest, since the lesions were located retroperitoneal and in determining the depth of the first lesion for precise and faster extirpation.

Freehand SPECT may be of benefit to optimize surgical procedures.
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