Chair for Computer Aided Medical Procedures & Augmented Reality
Lehrstuhl für Informatikanwendungen in der Medizin & Augmented Reality

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B. Glocker, N. Komodakis, N. Paragios, N. Navab
Approximated Curvature Penalty in Non-rigid Registration using Pairwise MRFs
5th International Symposium on Visual Computing (ISVC), Las Vegs, Nevada, USA, Nov 30-Dec 2 2009. (bib)

Labeling of discrete Markov Random Fields (MRFs) has become an attractive approach for solving the problem of non-rigid image registration. Here, regularization plays an important role in order to obtain smooth deformations for the inherent ill-posed problem. Smoothness is achieved by penalizing the derivatives of the displacement field. However, efficient optimization strategies (based on iterative graph-cuts) are only available for first-order MRFs which contain cliques of size up to two. Higher-order cliques require graph modifications and insertion of auxiliary nodes, while pairwise interactions actually allow only regularization based on the first-order derivatives. In this paper, we propose an approximated curvature penalty using second-order derivatives defined on the MRF pairwise potentials. In our experiments, we demonstrate that our approximated term has similar properties as higher-order approaches (invariance to linear transformations), while the computational efficiency of pairwise models is preserved.
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