Chair for Computer Aided Medical Procedures & Augmented Reality
Lehrstuhl für Informatikanwendungen in der Medizin & Augmented Reality

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A. Guha Roy, S. Conjeti, S. Carlier, P. K. Dutta, A. Kastrati, A. Laine, N. Navab, A. Katouzian, D. Sheet
Lumen Segmentation in Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography using Backscattering Tracked and Initialized Random Walks
IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics, 2015 (In Press) (bib)

Intravascular imaging using ultrasound (IVUS) or optical coherence tomography (OCT) is predominantly used to adjunct clinical information in interventional cardiology. OCT provides high-resolution images for detailed investigation of atherosclerosis induced thickening of the lumen wall resulting in arterial blockage and triggering acute coronary events. However, the stochastic uncertainty of speckles limits effective visual investigation over large volume of pullback data and clinicians are challenged by their inability to investigate subtle variations in the lumen topology associated with plaque vulnerability and onset of necrosis. This paper presents a lumen segmentation method using OCT imaging physics based graph representation of signals and random walks image segmentation approaches. The edge weights in the graph are assigned incorporating OCT signal attenuation physics models. Optical backscattering maxima is tracked along each A-scan of OCT and is subsequently refined using global graylevel statistics and used for initializing seeds for the random walks image segmentation. Accuracy of lumen vs. tunica segmentation has been measured on 15 in vitro and 6 in vivo pullbacks, each with 150-200 frames using (a) Cohen’s kappa coefficient (0.9786 ± 0.0061) measured with respect to cardiologist’s annotation and (b) divergence of histogram of the segments computed with Kullback-Leibler (5.17 ± 2.39) and Bhattacharya measures (0.56 ± 0.28). High segmentation accuracy and consistency substantiates the characteristics of this method to reliably segment lumen across pullbacks in presence of vulnerability cues and necrotic pool, and has a deterministic finite time-complexity. This paper in general also illustrates development of methods and framework for tissue classification and segmentation incorporating cues of tissue-energy interaction physics in imaging.
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