Chair for Computer Aided Medical Procedures & Augmented Reality
Lehrstuhl für Informatikanwendungen in der Medizin & Augmented Reality

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T. Reichl, J. Passenger, O. Acosta, O. Salvado
Transrectal Ultrasound and Biopsy Simulation Literature Review
CSIRO, The Australian e-Health Research Centre, Internal Report 2008/108 (bib)

This report presents an overview about the existing literature relating to prostate cancer, prostate biopsy, and simulation of ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy. Special attention has been paid to the generation of ultrasound images from CT or MRI data, haptic rendering, and soft tissue deformation for visual and tactile feedback. Literature has been researched about different approaches to the synthesis of ultrasound images, ranging from physics-based simulation of ultrasound wave propagation to the one-di\-men\-sio\-nal approximation as ``ultrasound rays'' and the efficient application of well-known algorithms from the field of computer graphics. Also, techniques for providing haptic feedback to the user and the simulation of soft tissue deformation have been surveyed. An additional section is dedicated to patents in the fields of ultrasound simulation from either 3-D ultrasound, geometrical models, or CT resp.\ MRI data, as well as haptic rendering and the use of graphics hardware for medial simulation.
This material is presented to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each authors copyright. In most cases, these works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder.

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